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Three rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) were challenged with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), Erdman strain, as part of studies to investigate lesion development at early time points in tuberculosis (TB) and to assess computed tomography (CT) as a method of monitoring disease progression in vivo. Animals were challenged with either a high, mid or low dose of aerosolized Mtb. The low-dose animal was killed humanely at 24 days post challenge (dpc) and the remaining animals at 25 dpc. Abnormalities in clinical parameters were observed in all animals, but clinical signs relating to respiratory disease were not seen. Pulmonary changes consistent with TB infection were detected by CT at 21 dpc and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) post mortem. Pulmonary nodule counts obtained from both imaging techniques were directly proportional to the challenge dose and correlated with gross and microscopical lesion counts. On gross and microscopical examination, lesions of similar size and morphology were observed in the lungs of all three animals, with the majority containing necrotic foci. Concomitant gross and microscopical, granulomatous lesions were observed in the tracheobronchial lymph nodes of all animals together with evidence of systemic spread. These findings further contribute to our understanding and knowledge of early lesion formation in the lungs of non-human primates.

Original publication




Journal article


J Comp Pathol

Publication Date





217 - 226


early granulomas, lung, macaque, tuberculosis, Aerosols, Animals, Disease Models, Animal, Female, Macaca mulatta, Male, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary