Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To assess site of disease on preoperative computed tomography (CT) to predict surgical debulking in patients with ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Two-phase retrospective cohort study. SETTING: West London Gynaecological Cancer Centre, UK. POPULATION: Women with stage 3 or 4, ovarian, fallopian or primary peritoneal cancer undergoing cytoreductive surgery. METHODS: Preoperative CT images were reviewed by experienced radiologists to assess the presence or absence of disease at predetermined sites. Multivariable stepwise logistic regression models determined sites of disease which were significantly associated with surgical outcomes in the test (n = 111) and validation (n = 70) sets. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sensitivity and specificity of CT in predicting surgical outcome. RESULTS: Stepwise logistic regression identified that the presence of lung metastasis, pleural effusion, deposits on the large-bowel mesentery and small-bowel mesentery, and infrarenal para-aortic nodes were associated with debulking status. Logistic regression determined a surgical predictive score which was able to significantly predict suboptimal debulking (n = 94, P = 0.0001) with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.749 (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.652, 0.846) and a sensitivity of 69.2%, specificity of 71.4%, positive predictive value of 75.0% and negative predictive value of 65.2%. These results remained significant in a recent validation set. There was a significant difference in residual disease volume in the test and validation sets (P < 0.001) in keeping with improved optimal debulking rates. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of disease at some sites on preoperative CT scan is significantly associated with suboptimal debulking and may be an indication for a change in surgical planning.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





843 - 849


Computed tomography, ovarian cancer, preoperative assessment, surgical debulking, Adenocarcinoma, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures, Decision Support Techniques, Fallopian Tube Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Ovarian Neoplasms, Peritoneal Neoplasms, Preoperative Care, Reproducibility of Results, Retrospective Studies, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Treatment Outcome