Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: The toxicities, pharmacokinetics and recommended dose of oral once daily ZK 304709, a novel multi-targeted growth inhibitor (MTGI) with activity against cell-cycle progression and angiogenesis, was investigated in patients by administration for 14 consecutive days followed by 14 days recovery. METHODS: Patients with solid tumours resistant to standard treatments were enrolled in an accelerated titration design. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients received ZK 304709 from 15 to 285 mg daily. The most common drug-related adverse events were vomiting, diarrhoea and fatigue. Systemic exposure to ZK 304709 increased with dose up to 90 mg daily but plateaued thereafter, with high inter-individual variability at all doses. Thirteen patients had stable disease as best response as per RECIST criteria. CONCLUSIONS: There was no increase in exposure to ZK 304709 with dose escalation above 90 mg, and the MTD was not determined. This study illustrates the importance of phase I pharmacokinetic data to guide dose escalation and drug development.

Original publication




Journal article


Cancer Chemother Pharmacol

Publication Date





425 - 429


Administration, Oral, Adult, Aged, Angiogenesis Inhibitors, Antineoplastic Agents, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions, Female, Growth Inhibitors, Humans, Male, Maximum Tolerated Dose, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Neoplasms, Prognosis, Safety, Survival Rate, Tissue Distribution, Treatment Outcome