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© 2017 IEEE. 4D-PET reconstruction has the potential to significantly increase the signal-to-noise ratio in dynamic PET by fitting smooth temporal functions during the reconstruction. However, the optimal choice of temporal function remains an open question. A 4D-PET reconstruction algorithm using adaptive-knot cubic B-splines is proposed. Using realistic Monte-Carlo simulated data from a digital patient phantom representing an [18-F]-FMISO-PET scan of a non-small cell lung cancer patient, this method was compared to a spectral model based 4D-PET reconstruction and the conventional MLEM and MAP algorithms. Within the entire patient region the proposed algorithm produced the best bias-noise trade-off, while within the tumor region the spline- and spectral model-based reconstructions gave comparable results.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date



1189 - 1192