Modulation of Mitochondriotropic Properties of Cyanine Dyes by in Organello Copper-Free Click Reaction.
Negwer I., Hirsch M., Kaloyanova S., Brown T., Peneva K., Butt H-J., Koynov K., Helm M.
Cyanine (Cy) dyes show a general propensity to localize in polarized mitochondria. This mitochondriotropism was used to perform a copper-free click reaction in the mitochondria of living cells. The in organello reaction of dyes Cy3 and Cy5 led to a product that was easily traceable by Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). As determined by confocal laser scanning microscopy, the Cy3-Cy5 conjugate showed enhanced retention in mitochondria, relative to that of the starting compounds. This enhancement of a favorable property can be achieved by synthesis in organello, but not outside mitochondria.