Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Two-photon photoluminescence (TPPL) emission spectra of DNA-gold nanoparticle (AuNP) monoconjugates and the corresponding DNA-linked AuNP dimers are obtained by photon time-of-flight spectroscopy. This technique is combined with two-photon photoluminescence fluctuation correlation spectroscopy (TPPL-FCS) to simultaneously monitor the optical and hydrodynamic behaviour of these nano-assemblies in solution, with single-particle sensitivity and microsecond temporal resolution. In this study, the AuNPs have an average core diameter of 12 nm, which renders their dark-field plasmonic light scattering too weak for single-particle imaging. Moreover, as a result of the lack of plasmonic coupling in the dimers, the optical extinction, scattering and photoluminescence spectra of the DNA-AuNP complexes are not sufficiently different to distinguish between monomers and dimers. The use of TPPL-FCS successfully addresses these bottlenecks and enables the distinction between AuNP monomers and AuNP dimers in solution by measurement of their hydrodynamic rotational and translational diffusion.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





827 - 836


DNA, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, light scattering, nanoparticles, two-photon excited luminescence, DNA, Single-Stranded, Diffusion, Gold, Hydrodynamics, Luminescence, Metal Nanoparticles, Particle Size, Photons, Scattering, Radiation, Spectrophotometry