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DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) are extremely cytotoxic, but the mechanism of their repair remains incompletely understood. Using Xenopus egg extracts, we previously showed that repair of a cisplatin ICL is triggered when two replication forks converge on the lesion. After CDC45/MCM2-7/GINS (CMG) ubiquitylation and unloading by the p97 segregase, FANCI-FANCD2 promotes DNA incisions by XPF-ERCC1, leading to ICL unhooking. Here, we report that, during this cell-free ICL repair reaction, one of the two converged forks undergoes reversal. Fork reversal fails when CMG unloading is inhibited, but it does not require FANCI-FANCD2. After one fork has undergone reversal, the opposing fork that still abuts the ICL undergoes incisions. Our data show that replication fork reversal at an ICL requires replisome disassembly. We present a revised model of ICL repair that involves a reversed fork intermediate.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.celrep.2018.05.061

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cell Rep

Publication Date

19/06/2018

Volume

23

Pages

3419 - 3428

Keywords

CMG, DNA interstrand crosslink repair, DNA replication, Fanconi anemia, ICL, XPF, replication fork reversal