Differentiation antigens expressed by epithelial cells in the lactating breast are also detectable in breast cancers.
Arklie J., Taylor-Papadimitrious J., Bodmer W., Egan M., Millis R.
Two monoclonal antibodies, 3.14.A3 and 1.10.F3, raised against a delipidated preparation of the human milk fat globule and characterized as epithelium-specific (Taylor-papadimitriou et al., 1981) were assayed histologically, by an indirect immunoperoxidase technique, against formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, normal and tumour tissue sections, in order to establish their in vivo specificity. Both antibodies bound to less than 10% of the alveoli and ducts in the resting breast, but bound to all areas of alveoli, ducts and secretion in the lactating breast. Binding was to the luminal surface of the alveolar and ductal epithelium. Antibody 3.14.A3 showed positive reactions with each of 20 primary breast carcinomas tested, and with metastatic lesions in lymph nodes from six of these. Antibody 1.10.F3 also reacted with most of the primary carcinomas but not with those of the mucoid type nor with metastatic lesions in lymph nodes. When tested against a variety of normal tissues, 1.10.F3 bound only to the luminal epithelial surface of classically defined exocrine glands, to their associated ducts and to the collecting tubules of kidney and bronchioles of the lung. 3.14.A3 showed a similar pattern of binding to 1.10.F3 but also bound to sweat glands, the alveolar epithelium of lung and the luminal epithelium of the ductuli efferentes of the epididymis. The only tumours, other than breast, showing a positive reaction with the antibodies were adenocarcinomas of the lung, uterus and ovary.