Isolation and sequencing of a cDNA clone for a human HLA-ABC antigen.
Trowsdale J., Lee J., Kelly A., Carey J., Jenkins J., Travers P., Bodmer WF.
A cDNA clone, pHLA-A, containing sequences specific for a human class I HLA antigen heavy chain, was isolated from a bank of clones made from partially purified HLA-ABC heavy chain mRNA from the human lymphoblastoid cell line Bristol 8 (HLA-A1, A2, B8, B16). The clone corresponded to sequence for the -COOH-terminal 117 amino acids of an HLA-ABC alpha-chain. It differed in at least 15 positions from the published HLA-B7 amino acid sequence but in only two residues when compared to the partial HLA-A2 protein sequence, and was identical to the HLA-A3 protein sequence derived from the nucleotide sequence of the gene. It also differed from some published human HLA-ABC sequences by the addition of three extra -COOH-terminal amino acids: cysteine-lysine-valine. The clone may correspond to either the HLA-A1 allele, for which independent sequence information is not available, or to HLA-A2, in which case there are possible explanations for the discrepancies. Comparison of the pHLA-A sequence with genomic HLA sequences suggests variations in splicing at the end of the protein coding region in some HLA-ABC heavy chain genes, and the use of alternative poly(A) addition sites.