The role of p53 in hypoxia-induced apoptosis.
Hammond EM., Giaccia AJ.
Hypoxia represents one of the most physiologically relevant stresses, having significant roles in both normal development and malignant progression. Exposure to severe hypoxia leads to the accumulation of p53 which can in turn lead to rapid apoptosis. In contrast to the response to DNA-damaging agents, hypoxia-induced p53 has little or no transcriptional transactivation capabilities and instead seems to function primarily as a transrepressor in order to induce apoptosis.