cDNA cloning of a human dishevelled DVL-3 gene, mapping to 3q27, and expression in human breast and colon carcinomas.
Bui TD., Beier DR., Jonssen M., Smith K., Dorrington SM., Kaklamanis L., Kearney L., Regan R., Sussman DJ., Harris AL.
dishevelled (Dsh) is a member of the segment polarity gene family in Drosophila which plays an important role in the early developmental patterning processes. A human homologue of Dsh (DVL-1) has recently been described. Here, we report the cloning of a second human homologue of Dsh (called DVL-3) by cDNA library screening. The human DVL-3 gene encodes a predicted 716 amino acid protein which exhibits 98% amino acid identity with mouse Dvl-3 and 49% with Drosophila Dsh. DVL-3 was mapped to 3q27. The expression of DVL-3 mRNA was detected in 30 human cell lines and 2 primary cell cultures. DVL-3 mRNA was detected in normal human breast tissues (n = 4) and tumours (n = 25). Statistically, there was no difference in DVL-3 mRNA level between normal breast tissues and tumours. In human colorectal samples, DVL-3 was expressed equally in matched normal tissues, polyps and tumours. The data indicates that DVL-3 is widely expressed in human cells and supports the notion of a new developmental gene family for dishevelled which may have a widespread role in signal transduction.