Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (thymidine phosphorylase) expression in lung cancer.
Giatromanolaki A., Koukourakis MI., Comley M., Kaklamanis L., Turley H., O'Byrne K., Harris AL., Gatter KC.
Platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor/thymidine phosphorylase (PD-ECGF/TP) is an enzyme with angiogenic and cell motility properties. Moreover, it is involved in the transformation of fluoropyrimidines into active cytotoxic metabolites. In the present study, the expression of PD-ECGF in normal lung and lung cancer was immunohistochemically evaluated using the P-GF.44C monoclonal antibody. Alveolar and tumoural macrophages were invariably stained and were used as an internal control for assessment of the staining. Alveolar epithelium was always negative, whilst bronchiolar epithelium showed occasional positive reactivity. Normal lung and tumour endothelium was occasionally positive. Positive staining in more than 50 per cent of cells was observed in 23/71 squamous carcinomas (32 per cent), 16/38 (42 per cent) adenocarcinomas, and 2/6 (33 per cent) adenosquamous carcinomas. Differentiated areas and areas of squamous metaplasia were more strongly positive than other tumour areas. All 22 small cell carcinomas and one carcinoid tumour were negative. The present study provides a baseline for future studies in non-small cell lung cancer to correlate PD-ECGF expression with tumour vascularization, prognosis, and response to chemotherapy.