Volume-sensitive chloride currents in primary cultures of human fetal vas deferens epithelial cells.
Winpenny JP., Mathews CJ., Verdon B., Wardle CJ., Chambers JA., Harris A., Argent BE., Gray MA.
Using the patch-clamp technique, we have identified a large, outwardly rectifying, Cl--selective whole-cell current in primary cultures of human vas deferens epithelial cells. Whole-cell currents were time- and voltage-dependent and displayed inactivation following depolarising pulses >/= 60 mV. Currents were equally permeable to bromide (PBr/PCl = 1.05 +/- 0.04), iodide (PI/PCl = 1. 06 +/- 0.07) and Cl-, but significantly less permeable to gluconate (PGluc /PCl = 0.23 +/- 0.03). Currents spontaneously increased with time after establishing a whole-cell recording, but could be inhibited by exposure to a hypertonic bath solution which reduced inward currents by 68 +/- 4%. Subsequent exposure of the cells to a hypotonic bath solution led to a 418 +/- 110% increase in inward current, indicating that these currents are regulated by osmolarity. 4,4'-Diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulphonic acid (100 microM) produced a rapid and reversible voltage-dependent block (60 +/- 5% and 10 +/- 7% inhibition of current, measured at +/- 60 mV, respectively). Dideoxyforskolin (50 microM) also reduced the volume-sensitive Cl- current, but with a much slower time course, by 41 +/- 13% and 32 +/- 16% (measured at +/- 60 mV, respectively). Tamoxifen (10 microM) had no effect on the whole-cell Cl- current. These results suggest that vas deferens epithelial cells possess a volume-sensitive Cl- conductance which has biophysical and pharmacological properties broadly similar to volume-sensitive Cl- currents previously described in a variety of cell types.