The role of mammalian NEIL1 protein in the repair of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroadenine in DNA.
Grin IR., Dianov GL., Zharkov DO.
8-oxo-7,8-dihydroadenine (8-oxoAde) is a major product of adenine modification by reactive oxygen species. So far, only one mammalian DNA glycosylase, 8-oxoguanine-DNA-glycosylase 1 (OGG1), has been shown to excise 8-oxoAde, exclusively from pairs with Cyt. We have found that endonuclease VIII-like protein 1 (NEIL1), a mammalian homolog of bacterial endonuclease VIII, can efficiently remove 8-oxoAde from 8-oxoAde:Cyt pairs but not from other contexts. In an in vitro reconstituted system, reactions containing OGG1 produced a fully repaired product, whereas NEIL1 caused an abortive initiation of repair, stopping after 8-oxoAde removal and DNA strand cleavage. This block was partially relieved by polynucleotide kinase/3'-phosphatase. Thus, two alternative routes of 8-oxoAde repair may exist in mammals.