Frequency of pathogenic germline variants in CDH1, BRCA2, CHEK2, PALB2, BRCA1, and TP53 in sporadic lobular breast cancer
Petridis C., Arora I., Shah V., Moss CL., Mera A., Clifford A., Gillett C., Pinder SE., Tomlinson I., Roylance R., Simpson MA., Sawyer EJ.
Background: Invasive lobular breast cancer (ILC) accounts for approximately 15% of invasive breast carcinomas and is commonly associated with lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). Both have been shown to have higher familial risks than the more common ductal cancers. However, there are little data on the prevalence of the known high and moderate penetrance breast cancer predisposition genes in ILC. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of germline variants in CDH1, BRCA2, BRCA1, CHEK2, PALB2, and TP53 in sporadic ILC and LCIS diagnosed in women ages 60 years. Methods: Access Array technology (Fluidigm) was used to amplify all exons of CDH1, BRCA2, BRCA1, TP53, CHEK2, and PALB2 using a custom-made targeted sequencing panel in 1,434 cases of ILC and 368 cases of pure LCIS together with 1,611 controls. Results: Case–control analysis revealed an excess of pathogenic variants in BRCA2, CHEK2, PALB2, and CDH1 in women with ILC. CHEK2 was the only gene that showed an association with pure LCIS [OR ¼ 9.90; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.42–28.66, P ¼ 1.4 105] with a larger effect size seen in LCIS compared with ILC (OR ¼ 4.31; 95% CI, 1.61–11.58, P ¼ 1.7 103). Conclusions: Eleven percent of patients with ILC ages 40 years carried germline variants in known breast cancer susceptibility genes. Impact: Women with ILC ages 40 years should be offered genetic screening using a panel of genes that includes BRCA2, CHEK2, PALB2, and CDH1.