Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to define the relationships between tumor uptake of [(111)In]-IGF-1 and [(111)In]-IGF-1(E3R), an analogue which does not bind insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) binding proteins (i.e., IGFBP-3), and the level of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression on human breast cancer (BC) xenografts in athymic mice, as well as the feasibility for tumor imaging. A second objective was to correlate IGF-1R (and HER2 density) with the cytotoxicity of trastuzumab in the absence/presence of IGFBP-3 or the IGF-1R tyrosine kinase inhibitor, AG1024. METHODS: The tumor and normal tissue uptake of [(111)In]-IGF-1 and [(111)In]-IGF-1(E3R) were determined at 4 h postinjection in mice implanted subcutaneously with MDA-MB-231, H2N, HR2 or MCF-7/HER2-18 human BC xenografts (8.5x10(4), 1.4x10(4), 4.0x10(4) and 1.0x10(5) IGF-1R/cell, respectively). The effect of co-injection of IGF-1 (50 microg) or IGFBP-3 (2 or 25 microg) was studied. The relationship between tumor uptake of [(111)In]-IGF-1(E3R) and IGF-1R density was examined. MicroSPECT/CT imaging was performed on mice with MCF-7/HER2-18 tumors injected with [(111)In]-IGF-1(E3R). The surviving fraction of BC cells exposed to trastuzumab (67.5 mug/ml) in the absence/presence of IGFBP-3 (1 microg/ml) or the IGF-1R kinase inhibitor, AG1024 (1 or 5 microg/ml), was determined. RESULTS: [(111)In]-IGF-1 was specifically taken up by MCF-7/HER2-18 xenografts; tumor uptake was decreased twofold when co-injected with IGF-1 (1.9+/-0.1 vs. 1.0+/-0.1 %ID/g). Co-injection of IGBP-3 decreased kidney uptake of [(111)In]-IGF-1 up to twofold and increased circulating radioactivity threefold. There was a strong linear correlation (r(2)=0.99) between the tumor uptake of (111)In-IGF-1(E3R) and IGF-1R density. Tumor uptake ranged from 0.4+/-0.05 %ID/g for H2N to 2.5+/-0.5 %ID/g for MCF-7/HER2-18 xenografts. MCF-7/HER2-18 tumors were visualized by microSPECT/CT. Resistance of BC cells to trastuzumab was directly associated with IGF-1R expression, despite co-expression of HER2. The resistance of HR2 cells could be partially reversed by IGFBP-3 or AG1024. CONCLUSION: Imaging of IGF-1R expression using [(111)In]-IGF-1(E3R) may be useful for identifying HER2-positive tumors in BC patients that are resistant to trastuzumab through this mechanism.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2008.05.010

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nucl Med Biol

Publication Date

08/2008

Volume

35

Pages

645 - 653

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Antineoplastic Agents, Breast Neoplasms, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival, Female, Gene Expression, Humans, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Metabolic Clearance Rate, Mice, Mice, Nude, Organ Specificity, Organometallic Compounds, Radiopharmaceuticals, Statistics as Topic, Tissue Distribution, Trastuzumab, Tumor Stem Cell Assay