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The biological consequences of clusters containing a single strand break and base lesion(s) remain largely unknown. In the present study we determined the mutagenicities of two- and three-lesion clustered damage sites containing a 1-nucleotide gap (GAP) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine(s) (8-oxoG(s)) in . Escherichia coli. The mutation frequencies (MFs) of bi-stranded two-lesion clusters (GAP/8-oxoG), especially in . mutY-deficient strains, were high and were similar to those for bi-stranded clusters with 8-oxoG and base lesions/AP sites, suggesting that the GAP is processed with an efficiency similar to the efficiency of processing a base lesion or an AP site within a cluster. The MFs of tandem two-lesion clusters comprised of a GAP and an 8-oxoG on the same strand were comparable to or less than the MF of a single 8-oxoG. The mutagenic potential of three-lesion clusters, which were comprised of a tandem lesion (a GAP and an 8-oxoG) and an opposing single 8-oxoG, was higher than that of a single 8-oxoG, but was no more than that of a bi-stranded 8-oxoGs. We suggest that incorporation of a nucleotide opposite 8-oxoG is less mutagenic when a GAP is present in a cluster than when a GAP is absent. Our observations indicate that the repair of a GAP is retarded by an opposing 8-oxoG, but not by a tandem 8-oxoG, and that the extent of GAP repair determines the biological consequences. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2011.12.009

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis

Publication Date

01/04/2012

Volume

732

Pages

34 - 42