NEIL1 excises 3' end proximal oxidative DNA lesions resistant to cleavage by NTH1 and OGG1.
Parsons JL., Zharkov DO., Dianov GL.
Base excision repair is the major pathway for the repair of oxidative DNA damage in human cells that is initiated by a damage-specific DNA glycosylase. In human cells, the major DNA glycosylases for the excision of oxidative base damage are OGG1 and NTH1 that excise 8-oxoguanine and oxidative pyrimidines, respectively. We find that both enzymes have limited activity on DNA lesions located in the vicinity of the 3' end of a DNA single-strand break, suggesting that other enzymes are involved in the processing of such lesions. In this study, we identify and characterize NEIL1 as a major DNA glycosylase that excises oxidative base damage located in close proximity to the 3' end of a DNA single-strand break.