A phase II study evaluating the effect of tamoxifen on DNA repair in melanoma patients treated with dacarbazine.
Saunders MP., Salisbury AJ., O'Byrne KJ., Souliotis VL., Varcoe SM., Talbot DC., Kyrtopoulos SA., Harris AL.
The addition of tamoxifen to dacarbazine containing chemotherapy regimens used in the treatment of melanoma, has been shown to increase response rates, but the mechanism of any interaction is uncertain. The object of this study was to determine whether the addition of tamoxifen to dacarbazine, would modify DNA repair in-vivo and cause an increase in O6-meG adducts in peripheral blood leucocytes. This would provide some insight into the nature of the interaction between these two drugs. Twenty three patients with metastatic malignant melanoma received dacarbazine (DTIC) 1 g/m2 every three weeks for a maximum of six cycles. Tamoxifen 20 mg daily, was started after the first cycle of chemotherapy and then taken continuously during the treatment. Adduct levels after the second cycle of treatment were significantly higher than those after the first cycle (p = 0.0001). A similar rise however, was also produced when a cohort of patients were given dacarbazine without tamoxifen during the second cycle of treatment. This study did not show an additional increase of O6-meG adducts when tamoxifen was administered and therefore this mechanism does not support a postulated interaction between tamoxifen and dacarbazine. This is in agreement with the recent randomised study which did not show any significant increase in response rate with the addition of tamoxifen.