Calcium transients in response to salinity and osmotic stress in the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC7120, expressing cytosolic apoaequorin
Torrecilla I., Leganés F., Bonilla I., Fernández-Piñas F.
We show here that both salinity and osmotic stress trigger transient increases in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cells of the nitrogen-fixing filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC7120, which constitutively expresses apoaequorin. Isoosmolar concentrations of salt (NaCl) and osmoticum (sucrose) induced calcium transients of similar magnitude and shape, suggesting that cells sense, via Ca2+ signalling, mostly osmotic stress. The Ca2+ transients induced by NaCl and sucrose were completely blocked by the calcium chelator ethylene glycol-bis(βaminoethylether)N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) and were partially inhibited by the calcium channel blocker verapamil. Increased external Ca2+ and the Ca2+ ionophore calcimycin (compound A23187) enhanced Ca2+ influx further, suggesting the involvement of extracellular Ca2+ in the observed response to salinity and osmotic stress. However, the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) did not provoke any effect on the Ca2+ transients induced by both stresses, indicating that it may not be acting upstream of Ca2+ in the signalling of salinity and/or osmotic stress in Anabaena sp. PCC7120.